Chronic Pain Syndrome: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis
Chronic Pain Syndrome: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis

What is Chronic Pain Syndrome?

Chronic Pain Syndrome is a normal problem and also a big challenge for health care providers because of its complex nature of poor etiology and poor response to therapy. 

But with chronic pain syndrome, pain continues for months and even one or many years after the body heals. It can even occur when there’s no prompt for Chronic pain. Facing pain in your body is quite normal. Pain is a normal reaction of our body to an injury or illness. It is a warning that something is wrong in your body. When your body starts healing, you usually stop hurting. 

In an analysis, Around 25% of people with this pain will go on to have a condition called chronic pain syndrome (CPS). It is possible when people have symptoms beyond pain alone, These symptoms include depression and anxiety, which interfere with their daily existence. According to the research of the “National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health,” chronic pain syndrome is defined as lifelong anywhere from 3 to 6 months. Also, it affects 25 million Americans.

Here, we are talking about its causes, symptoms, and Diagnosis. It helps you to know more about Chronic Pain Syndrome. CPS can be tough to treat, but it’s not unachievable. For dealing with this, you are required to have a mix of treatments like counseling, physical therapy, and relaxation techniques that can help relieve your pain and the other symptoms that come with it.

What Are The Causes of Chronic Pain Syndrome?

Even doctors don’t know exactly about the causes of CPS. It simply starts with any painful condition or injury. Here we define some conditions that cause widespread and long-lasting pain that are, unexpectedly, directly linked to chronic pain syndrome. Some of these conditions are:

  • Arthritis and other joint problems
  • Back pain
  • Headaches
  • Muscle strains and sprains
  • Repetition in stress injuries, when the same gesticulation over and over again, it puts strain or tightness on a body part
  • Fibromyalgia 
  • Damaging Nerves
  • Lyme disease
  • Broken bones
  • Cancer
  • Acid reflux or ulcers
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Endometriosis, when tissue in the uterus grows outside it
  • Surgery
  • Osteoarthritis

What are the Symptoms of Chronic Pain Syndrome?

Chronic pain syndrome affects both your physical and mental health such as emotions, even your social life over time. While the pain continues, there may be a spread of more intense pain. It happens due to increases in stress or activity.  Some common Symptoms Of CPS include:

  • Unexplainable pain
  • Weakness
  • Rapid muscles pain
  • Concentrate abilities are degraded
  • Insomnia

Some additional symptoms of Chronic pain Syndrome are:

  • joint pain
  • muscle aches
  • burning pain
  • fatigue
  • sleeping issues
  • Losing flexibility and stamina, due to degradation inactivity
  • mood problems, including depression, anxiety, and irritability
  • Feeling very low and tired
  • Irritation
  • Loss of interest in sex
  • Guilt
  • Job loss
  • Suicidal thoughts in mind
  • Marriage or family issues
  • Drug or alcohol consumption

Some people with Chronic Pain Syndrome are required to take more and more medicines and pills to manage and deal with their pain, people can make them dependent on these drugs. After some time they are addicted and usually need these medicines to manage their pain.

Diagnosis of Chronic Pain Syndrome

Firstly, your doctor will take a thorough medical history.  She will be asked some things to learn more about the type of pain you feel and how long you’ve had it:

  • when your pain started
  • what it feels like (for example, burning and sharp or dull and aching)
  • where it’s located
  • if anything makes it better or worse

Because some conditions can lead and focus on chronic pain syndrome. Even, your doctor provides suggestions and advises to order imaging tests to dispose of if there is joint or tissue damage that may explain your pain. 

For example, your doctor may order an MRI  for you, just to determine if your pain is stemming from a herniated disk, Also an X-ray to see if you are suffering from osteoarthritis, or a normal blood test to check for rheumatoid arthritis. This all be ordered by a doctor to diagnose the patient in Chronic Pain Syndrome.

Imaging tests can show all the problems either you have joint damage or other critical problems that start cause pain:

  • CT, or computed tomography: It’s a powerful tool, an X-ray that shows the detailed pictures inside your body.
  • MRI, or magnetic resonance imaging: It works with magnets and radio waves to create pictures of your body organs and structures inside you.
  • X-ray: It uses radiation in low doses and starts making images of your body structures inside you.

Without being able to find a direct cause of your pain or the exact reason for your pain — or if they think the pain is unreasonable and can be easily triggered — some doctors will easily dismiss all your symptoms or they can explain to you they are all in your head. It’s hard to be go-ahead when you are feeling low and tired, but keep examining alternative options. If you need advice and suggestions, talk to your doctor about what you think is causing your pain and also ask for the necessary tests and treatments. Working as a team is your best shot at finding relief.

Treatment of Chronic Pain Syndrome

Chronic pain can be complicated or confused, but it is treatable. Some options are included in this:


  • Taking Drugs to relieve pain. These can be anti-inflammatories, steroids, muscle relaxers, antidepressants that also have pain-relieving qualities and, in many cases, opioids (this is the last resort).
  • To increase your body flexibility and range of motion start Physical therapy.
  • Nerve blocks to interrupt pain signals.
  • Psychological/behavior therapy. In the interval, when they may not have a big impact on pain, some psychological therapies show a positive impact on your mood. For example, cognitive behavior therapy (a type of talk therapy that helps you reframe negative thinking) has been shown to be effective in boosting mood, even up to a year after treatment ends. In another study, biofeedback was helpful in minimizing your muscle tension and depression and also started improving coping with chronic pain. 

“Biofeedback is one of a type of therapy which teaches you how to use your mind to control all your bodily reactions such as rapid breathing”.


  • Acupuncture: According to the study, acupuncture reduces pain levels in 50 percent of people who are trying several times to reduce it, as compared to those people who come under 30 percent pain reduction, and did not receive acupuncture.
  • Hypnosis: According to research reports, 71 percent of subjects with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) notice much-improved symptoms in peoples after a course of hypnosis. These effects stretch up to five years post-treatment.
  • Yoga: Yoga helps to relax your body muscles, encourages deep, healthy breathing and increases mindfulness. These all benefits show that yoga can be beneficial in reducing the depression, irritation and anxiety that comes with chronic pain, thus it also improves your quality of life.


Some important and useful tips for Chronic pain suggested by the American Psychological Association are

  • Start Focusing on the positivity in your life.
  • Be engaged. Don’t withdraw yourself from family and friends or activities you enjoy and are still able to perform.
  • Participate in most support groups. Your doctor or local hospital may be able to refer you to one.
  • Seek help, both psychological and physical. And remember, if you feel your doctors are scathing of your pain, keep searching. Compassionate health professionals are out there. Ask friends for recommendations and contact support groups, health organizations dedicated to a particular disorder, and local hospitals for referrals.


I hope all the above-mentioned details are helpful for you. In case of any pain, consult your doctor rapidly. In this writing, we are mentioned all the causes, symptoms and also defined how to diagnose Chronic Pain Syndrome. Somebody pain can be normal, especially if you’ve recently had an injury, illness, or surgery or any other problem. Just take medicine and sleep properly. If it doesn’t stop, or keeps you from doing your daily activities every day. Call your doctor immediately if the pain is intense.

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