Causes of Osteoarthritis (OA) or Degenerative Arthritis
Causes of Osteoarthritis (OA) or Degenerative Arthritis

Before we’ll tell you the reasons or Causes of Osteoarthritis which cause Osteoarthritis, we would like to tell you what is Osteoarthritis or Degenerative Arthritis.

Arthritis is a medical condition that affects the joints of the body. Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis and its effects on millions of peoples around the globe. In Osteoarthritis (OA), the tissues that connect the joints known as cartilage breaks down or get damaged and therefore the end of both bones rub against each other which can cause problems like pain, stiffness, tenderness or loss of flexibility in the joints.

Normally, OA happens to older people but despite that fact, this medical disorder can be seen in any adult. There are more than 30 million known cases of Osteoarthritis in the USA only.

Sometimes, Osteoarthritis (OA) is also commonly known as Degenerative Arthritis, Degenerative Joint Disease, Wear and Tear Arthritis.

Causes of Osteoarthritis

There are a few different types of OA that can be found in the body. Here in this article, we’ll discuss all the types of OA and the causes behind them.

Primary Osteoarthritis

Primary Osteoarthritis (OA) can be seen with aging and it is also the most common OA. With the increase in age, it becomes more and more difficult for the human body to produce the protein required for the smooth working of the cartilage and therefore the water content keeps on increases in the joints.

The repetitive and extensive use of the joints over the years causes the wear and tear in the ligament and the result of all this is that cartilages start to degenerate. In extreme cases, when the joints were under continuous and excessive load leads to the total damage of the cartilage between joints that causes friction during the movement of joints and loss of flexibility in joints. Due to the continuous friction between the joints results in the growth of new bone at the joint ends known as Spurs which causes damage to the surrounding muscles.

There are many cases where the condition of Primary Osteoarthritis is found in the family members which indicates that OA can be transmitted through genes i.e. it is a Heredity basis condition. There are also very few cases where the OA is found due to the damaged Collagen which is an integral part of Cartilage.

Secondary Osteoarthritis

The causes of Secondary Osteoarthritis (OA) is not as simple as ‘Aging’. It can be caused due to other medical conditions or diseases. After years of research, doctors are able to identify some diseases that can be responsible for the OA at an early age also as Obesity i.e. excessive body weight, frequent surgeries of joints, abnormal joints from birth (Congenital Abnormalities), rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, etc.

  • Obesity is a medical condition in which a person is suffering from excessive body weight than a normal person. As a matter of fact, obesity is the second most reason that causes Osteoarthritis around the globe after ‘Aging’. Due to the continuous mechanical stress at the knees due to the bodyweight cause the early degeneration in the cartilage.
  • Frequent Joint Surgery could also cause OA in many cases. Joint tissues like ligament and cartilage can be harmed permanently if they go through repetitive traumas many times. That’s the reason why many sports athletes like football players, weight lifters, bodybuilders suffer from Osteoarthritis at an early stage of life. Surprisingly, there are not many cases of OA is found in long-distance runners.
  • Congenital Abnormality is a medical condition in which people born with abnormal joints. These joints can cause severe stress on the joints. Due to which joints are under continuous mechanical wear that causes the total loss of cartilage and a person may suffer from Osteoarthritis at the early stages of his life.

Hormonal diseases like diabetes or unbalanced growth hormones also cause cartilage damage and secondary OA in some cases.

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis is quite different from the regular OSteoarthritis but the symptoms of both diseases are very same. So, it is important to tell you guys the difference between them. In RA, the immune system of the person mistakenly thinks that the soft lining around the joints is threats to the body. Due to which immune system tries to fix that and the result of this is swelling, pain, and inflammation in the joints.

These are the causes of Osteoarthritis (OA) or Degenerative Arthritis due to which a person has to face joint pains. This is a chronic disease and there is no complete treatment of this condition but you can lower its effects on the body by a healthy diet, joint exercise, and by controlling your body weight.

It is recommended to consult a doctor or physician if you are suffering from the OA for a long period of time.

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