Pain Classifications And Causes
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Pain Classifications And Causes

Pain is an abhorrent feeling and emotional experience associated with tissue damage. The pain classifications allow the body to react and prevent tissue damage. When a person feels pain, at that time our nerve fibers transmit signals to the brain for interpretation. The way of experiencing or feeling pain is different for every person, it varies from person to person. These variations sometimes make it challenging to describe and heal the pain.

Pain can also be short- or long-term and stay in one place or scattered throughout the body. Pain also be physical pain or emotional pain. Physical pain means that pain we can feel physically on our bodies like the harp, cutting, burning, or tearing and can be permanent or throbbing in nature. The emotional pain refers to nervousness, restlessness, anxiety, and also depression.

So here in this article, we will discuss the causes and classification of Pain.

Causes of Pain

People experience pain when specific nerves, called nociceptors, detect tissue damage and disseminate information about damage to the brain with the spinal cord.

For example, when we touch a hot surface will send a message by a reflex arc to the spinal cord and make a quick contraction of the muscle. This contraction will force us to away from the hot surface to restricting more damage.

This reflex happens so fast that the message does not even reach the brain. But, the pain message continues to the brain. Once it arrives, it will cause a person to feel an unpleasant sensation – pain. The brain’s analysis of these signals and the efficiency of the communication channel between the nociceptors and the brain deliver how an individual experiences pain.

Pain Classifications :

1. Acute pain

Acute pain is short-term pain that happens suddenly and has a particular cause, normally a tissue injury. Usually, it does less than six months and it resolves when the underlying condition of pain is healed or treated. Acute pain begins slowly or intensifies before correction.

Main causes of Acute Pain

  • Injured bones
  • Cryosurgery
  • Dental work
  • Labor and childbirth
  • Wounds
  • Burns

2. Chronic pain

Pain that does for more than six months after the initial injury has healed is recognized as chronic pain. Chronic pain can persist for years and vary from mild to severe on any given day. And it affects adults with an estimated 50 million sources in the United States. Mostly past injuries or damage leads to chronic pain, and also sometimes there is no obvious cause.

If we do not properly care chronic pain can also begin to strike to the quality of life. As a conclusion, most of the people who are facing chronic pain may produce symptoms of anxiety or depression.

Symptoms of Chronic Pain:

  • Tense muscles
  • loss of energy
  • limited mobility

Examples of chronic pain:

  • Sudden headaches
  • Nerve injury pain
  • Low back pain
  • Osteoarthritis pain
  • Fibromyalgia pain

3. Nociceptive Pain

This pain is the most usual type of pain. It is caused by the stimulation of nociceptors that are the pain receptors for tissue damage. There are nociceptors throughout our body, particularly in our skin and internal organs. When they are stimulated by potential damage, such as a cut or other damage, they send an electrical signal to our brain that causes us to feel pain.

This type of pain you normally feel when you have any kind of injury or swelling. Nociceptive pain can be both acute or chronic. Moreover, It can be categorized as both visceral or somatic.

4. Visceral pain

Visceral pain occurs as a result of injuries or damage to your internal organs. You can observe it in the trunk area of ​​your body like your chest, abdomen, and pelvis. It is usually difficult to find the exact location of intestinal pain.

Symptoms of Visceral pain

  • pressure
  • aching
  • squeezing
  • cramping

You may also feel these symptoms also: 

  • nausea or vomiting
  • Quick changes in body temperature, heartbeat, or blood pressure.

5. Somatic Pain

Somatic pain arises from the stimulation of pain receptors in your tissues rather than our internal organs. This covers our skin, muscles, joints, connective tissue, and bones. It is often easier to find the location of somatic pain rather than intestinal pain. Somatic pain usually feels like constant pain or fainting sensation. 

For example, a tear in a muscle will cause intense physical pain, while an injury on our internal analysis causes superficial pain in the throat.

Examples of somatic pain:

  • Bone cracks
  • Forced muscles
  • Connective tissue disorders, such as osteoporosis
  • Cancer that affects the skin or bones
  • Skin injuries, scrapes, and wounds
  • Joint pain, including arthritis pain

6. Neuropathic pain

Neuropathic pain is the result of damage or dysfunction of your nervous system. This leads to missing pain signals in damaged or loose veins. This pain originates from anywhere, rather than in response to particular damage or injury. You can also observe mild pain in response to things that are not normally painful like chilly air or clothes against your skin.

Neuropathic pain is characterized as:

  • Burning
  • Freezing
  • Anesthesia
  • Tingling
  • Stabbing
  • Electric shocks

Diabetes is a general problem of neuropathic pain. Other sources of nerve injury or dysfunction can also cause neuropathic pain:

  • Chronic alcohol consumption
  • Accidents
  • Infections
  • Facial nerve problems
  • Spinal nerve swelling or compression
  • Shingles
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • HIV
  • Central nervous system disorders, such as multiple sclerosis Parkinson’s disease
  • Radiation
  • Chemotherapy drugs

Some Important Point About Pain

Correctly explaining your pain can make it more comfortable for your doctor to find the main cause of your pain and prescribe the right treatment. If you are comfortable then write a description of your pain before your appointment to make it as clear as feasible.

Here we discuss some important points that your doctor should know for the proper treatment of your pain.

  • How long did you have pain
  • How often does your pain
  • What brought your pain
  • What activities or activities make your pain better or worse.
  • Where you particularly feel pain
  • Whether your pain is local in one place or spreads out
  • Is your pain comes and goes or remains stable all time.

We also recommend keeping a pain diary to track your symptoms that will help you heal as soon as possible or also help your doctor to know about your pain. Note the points:

  • When it begins or initial state when you feel pain.
  • How long it lasts.
  • how it feels
  • Where you feel it
  • How critical it is on a scale of 1 to 10.
  • What caused or triggered the pain.
  • What you applied if anything that feels you better.
  • Any prescriptions or treatments you used to reduce this pain.

Ending Words

As we know pain is a very individual experience that differs from one person to another. One person experiences a lot of pain, only the other may feel mild pain. And the one important factor is your emotional state, overall physical fitness & strength can play a big role in how you deal or feel pain. So, if you feel any internal or external pain, never take it lightly. Notice your symptoms and consult your doctor and take precautions as soon as possible. If you don’t then it may lead to the high damage.

I hope you will understand the cause and classification of pains and also love to read this article. If you have still had any queries related to the pain then please comment on your query in our comment box. We will revert you with your solution as soon as possible.

Thank you for visiting us and Wishing you Good Health!

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