Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
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Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

OCD Stand for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder It is an anxiety disorder in which a person experiences recurring unwanted thoughts and feels compelled to perform uncontrollable and repetitive behavior. The person may distinguish that obsessive thinking and compulsive behaviors are irrational but feel unable to oppose them. And the brain is stuck on a particular thought. If a person has an OCD patient he checks your hand again and again that his hand is not clean then he cleans his hand again and again Till when he doesn’t come out of this thought.

In other words, we can say that OCD (Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder) is a small part of the mentality. Because in mental cases a person is totally mental by its brain. But the OCD person is mental but not completely. Or we can say that the person has the first stage of the mental cases. Because in the OCD (Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder) person in mind but not totally. 

OCD (Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder) is not about the habit. Like biting your nails, thinking negative thoughts. Or obsessive thought might be certain numbers of colors are good or bad. Compulsives are a habit to wash your hands 5 to 10 times a day. And when you touch anything then you think that your hand is dirty. And the person thinks that he is powerless. 

And everyone has to repeat and think about thought. But OCD (Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder) person has to do action on them. Like 

  1. Take up at least one hour a day.
  2. Are beyond your control.
  3. They aren’t enjoyable.
  4. Interface with work in your social life and other life. 

OCD (Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder) Types of Symptoms

OCD (Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder) comes in many forms but most cases fail into at least one of four general categories. 

Checking:- checking means the OCD patient looks at the alarm system, ovens or light switches or thinks you have a medical condition like pregnancy and schizophrenia.

Contamination:- A fear of things that might be dirty or a compulsion to clean. Mental containment involves feeling like you have been treated like dirt. 

In contamination, the OCD person thinks that he is dirty. Or he needs to clean yourself. And OCD people feel things like you which type you treated with the dirty things and when you are dirty and you think to clean yourself. The same type of feelings is felt by an OCD person. 

Symmetry and order:- They need to have a thin lineup in a certain way. That means the OCD (Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder) person has to do things until he is satisfied. This means an OCD person has done work again and again. They have no limit to doing any work. Like one to 10 times or more times. 

Ruminations and intrusive thoughts:– Obsessions with a line of thoughts. Some of these thoughts might be violent and disturbing.  

Obsessions and Compulsions:- Many people who are positive with OCD (Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder) they and their habits and thoughts don’t make sense. They enjoyed your life and they didn’t quit. And if they quit and stop then they feel bad and they start again. 

Obsessive thought can include:-

  1. Worries about yourself or other pupils getting hurt.
  2. Constant awareness of blinking, breathing or other body sensation.
  3. A suspicion that a partner is unfaithful, with no reason believe it

Compulsive habits:- Compulsive habits include the number of workers. Few are described here.

  1. Doing a task in a specific order. Every time or certain “good number” of times 
  2. Needing to count things like steps and bottles. 
  3. Fear of touching doorknobs, and using public toilets, or shaking hands. 

Compulsions:- Are excessive, repetitive, purposeful behaviors that affected people feel to must do to prevent and reduce the anxiety the cases by their obsessive thought or to neutralize their obsessions example are :

  1. Washing 
  2. Checking
  3. Counting
  4. Ordering 

The degree of insight varies most people with OCD recognized to the same degree that the beliefs underlying their obsessions are not realistic. However occasionally. Insight is completely lacking and patients are convinced that the beliefs their obsessions are true and their compulsions are reasonable. 

Because people with this disease may fear embarrassment stigmatics they often hide their obsessions and ritual relationships may be disturbing and performance at work or in school may decline. Depression is a measured common secondary feature.

OCD (Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder) Cause And Risk Factors 

In the cases of OCD (Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder), doctors are not sure. Stress can make symptoms worse. 

It’s a bit more common in women than in men Symptoms often in teens or young adults 

OCD (Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder) Risk factor is:- 

  1. A parent  sibling or child with OCD (Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder)
  2. Physical difference in a certain part of your brains 
  3. Depression and anxiety
  4. A history of physical or sexual abuse as a child.

Sometimes it seems that a child might have OCD after a streptococcal infection. This is called pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorder associated with streptococcal infections or pandas.

OCD (Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder) Diagnosis

Your doctor has to do a physical exam and blood test to make sure something else is not causing symptoms. They will also talk with you about your thoughts, habits, and feelings.

Diagnosis of obsessive-compulsive disorder disease is clinical, based on the presence of obsessions, compulsions, or both. The obsessions or compulsions must be time-consuming or cause clinically significant distress or impairment of functioning.

OCD (Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder) Related conditions:-

Some separate conditions are similar to OCD (Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder). They involve obsessions we think like.

  1. Your looks 
  2. Collecting arranging or ordering things
  3. Pulling out eating your hair 
  4. Picking at your skin physical illness 
  5. Body order or how to you smile

Treatments of OCD (Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder)

OCD (Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder) has the following types of treatment.

  1. Therapies
  2. Mediations 

1. Therapies

In therapies have done many types few types of therapies are given here

Support group:- A Form for Counselling and sharing experiences among people with similar conditions or goals. Such as depression and weight loss.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy:- A talk therapy focusing on modifying negative thought behaviors and emotional responses associations with psychological distress.

Psychoeducation:- Education about mental health that also serves to validate and empower patients. 

Rational emotive behavior therapy:- Psychological treatments that help people change negative irrational thoughts and improve emotional well being.

Exposure and response prevention:- A talk therapy based on exposing and feared or traumatic experience with a safe setting in order to help reduce any associated psychological distress. 

Psychotherapy:- Treatment of mental and behavioral or disorder through talk therapy.

Systematic desensitization:- Psychological treatment that has people overcome fears by gradually exposing them to the thing they are afraid of.

Group psychotherapy:- Talk therapy where the therapist works with clients in a group instead of one-on-one.

Psychotherapy:- Cognitive behavioral therapy can help change your thinking pattern. It is called exposure and response prevention. Your doctor will put you in a situation designed to create anxiety or a set of compulsions. You learn the lesson and then stop your cold thoughts and actions.

Relaxations:- Simple things like meditations yoga and messages can help with stress full OCD symptoms.

2. Medications

Psychiatric drugs called selective serotonin Reuptake inhibitors helps many peoples control obsessions and compulsions they might take 2 to 4 month to start working common one include Citalopram, escitalopram, fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, paroxetine, and sertraline. If you still have symptoms your doctor might give you antipsychotic drugs like aripiprazole or risperidone. 

Neuro Modulations:- in rare cases when therapy and medication are not making enough of a difference. Your doctor may discuss to you about devices that can change the electrical activity in a certain area of your brain. One Kind Transcranial magnetic stimulation is FDA Approved for OCD treatment it uses a magnetic field to stimulate never to sell. A more complicated procedure is deep brain stimulation electrodes that are implemented in your head.

OCD (Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder) Directory:- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder is an anxiety order in which a person has repeated behavior or rituals. 

Examples:-  the most examples of the OCD is QKI Movies or Humshakals movies.

In the Kyonki movie, Salman Khan is an OCD patient that has behaved like a normal man. And when doctors arrange the interview with Salman Khan in the movie. Salman Khan has completed his interview and after completing her interview doctors said that he is normal he is no need for the Mediterrane and then Salman Khan shows a fly then he destroyed the hospital property till he did not kill the fly and then doctors agree to admit Salman Khan for treatment. But after OCD, Salman Khan helps all the patients.

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