Low Back Pain In Older Adults: Know About Signs & Symptoms
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Low Back Pain In Older Adults: Know About Signs & Symptoms

Our body is our first home, how we take care of our body now, we will enjoy more in your old age. And of course, reduce the risk of low back pain in older adults. Because caring about the body very late is much better than never start. Let say how much you are able to manage giving time to your body, cooking food is just to feed the body with energy, exercises are to boost your body stamina and sleeping to relax your body.

So we are all pretty much in too take care of our first home but need to be more precise in case of requiring the healthy one. Bones and disks issue in the spines can degenerate with time and create stiffness and perhaps soreness. But the low back pain is not compulsory to happen as a result of aging if only we take care of our lifestyle. 

Low back pain can happen for every age group but while a person across the age of 60 they are more prone to it which is due to the degeneration of the joints in the lumbar spine. Older adults are usually suffering low back pain because of Osteoarthritis and Spinal Stenosis. 

Symptoms of The Low Back Pain In Older Adults

We all might experience back pain at some point in our lives but there are due to the wrong lifestyle we followed such as Smoking, being overweight and poor eating habits or due to some health conditions like cancer or spinal diseases. But the main cause for low back pain is nothing but AGING.

Usually, the pain takes its time during morning and evening when a person feels the highest stiffness. Disturbs sleep due to the pain. Feel more of a pain when the injured area in the spine is pressed. Along with the feeling of aching and periodic pain while a person increases the body activity. Feeling the loss of flexibility and stiffness in the back.

The Common Reason For Facet Joint Osteoarthritis

The spine contains individual bones which are called vertebrae and they are settled one on the top of the other. Between each of the vertebra, small joints are there which helps your spine to move, along with disks with jelly-like centers that work as shock absorbers and doesn’t let your bones rubbing against each other.

While the process of aging, the discs between the vertebrae get rubbed and shrink and makes pain with stiffness while the bones start to rub against each other. As a result, the space between the spinal cord gets narrows by time. That is known as spinal stenosis. In this situation pressure comes on the cord and spinal nerves, creating pain. Reduced bone mass, or osteoporosis, can even cause the vertebrae weak to fractures. Also, The facet joints where each vertebra meets those vertebrae above and below start to degenerate, and create the other issue which is spinal arthritis.

Facet joint osteoarthritis, also known as degenerative arthritis or osteoarthritis of the spine, is a condition of degenerative that gradually increases over time. The injury happens because of the breakdown of the cartilage in the facet joints of the spine. Initially, the symptom can be intermittent, but later increase into more constant pain in the lower back, and ultimately causes sciatica as well to low back pain.

Sciatica

Sciatica or lumbar radiculopathy is the sciatic nerve problem caused by compression of the nerve with numbness, tingling, weakness, or pain anywhere along the sciatic nerve.

The sciatic nerve is running from the lower back over the hips and buttocks and all the way down to the backs of the legs and feet. Which is the longest and widest nerve of the body? Usually, it is affecting one part of the body and can be severe or mild pain. 

Causes of Sciatica

Sciatica can occur due to so many reasons along with aging. It may also happen due to some traumatic injury that affects the lower spine. The main common reasons of the Sciatica are;

Herniated Disk: Spinal disks are acting like cushions within the vertebrae. If the hard outer portion of the disk tears, the soft stuff inside the disk leaks out, and once it starts pressing against a nearby nerve, you feel the pinch on the nerve. If this happens in the lower back, it presses against the sciatic nerve and causing sciatica.

Bulging Disk: The outer wall is weakened and bulging outward. Therefore, press against a nerve root and can create a herniated disk.

Degenerative Disk Disease: While aging happens, the spinal disks lose water, stiff, and become more likely to crack.

Bone Spur: known as Osteophytes, are bony enlargements that may develop on the vertebrae as a response to other changes of the spine. That is a common issue for people above 60 age.

Spinal Stenosis: is a narrowing of the spinal canal, the bony channel which houses the spinal cord and nerves.

Piriformis Syndrome: a complication of piriformis syndrome, in which the piriformis muscle, placed deep in the buttocks, creates spasms and makes buttock pain. The sciatic nerve goes right beneath the piriformis muscle.

Risk Factors for Sciatica

There are many things that can expose a higher risk of Sciatica which are;

  • Age
  • Sex, men are more prone to the Sciatica
  • Height & Weight
  • Health Factors
  • Pregnancy
  • Occupational cases, Sitting for a long in some jobs

Symptoms of Facet Joint Osteoarthritis

Initially, the low back pain is along with the leg pain that happens while walking and standing straight and it combined with either of these problems:

  • Not being able to walk for a long due to the pain in the leg. 
  • Lower back pain reduces after sitting for a while.
  • Pain has fluctuated sometimes very intense and sometimes mild pain. 
  • Feeling of tingling, weakness, and numbness that spreads from the low back to the buttocks and legs. 

Other Symptoms of Low Back Pain

  • Unexpected onset of low back pain
  • Walking and standing may usually make the pain worse
  • Height loss
  • Stiffness of spine
  • Deformity and disability

The Possible Reason That Can Cause Spinal Compression Fracture

Usually, the likelihood of compression fracture can happen due to any sudden onset of low back pain in adults above the age of 50. like, women with their post-menopausal who have osteoporosis, and women or men after long-term corticosteroid use. A person who has osteoporosis, the issue can get trigger even with a small amount of force give to the spine, such as sneeze that can cause a compression fracture.

Less Likely Causes of Low Back Pain

Other reasons that it may cause the lower back is listed down, though they are not as common as the above mentioned one but still can cause the problem. 

  • Infection
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Piriformis Syndrome
  • Spinal Tumor
  • Coccydynia
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis

All of these causes require a room to talk about but meanwhile, this article is more or less concentrated on the causes and the common issues. As was discussed at the starting of the article, a person’s attitude and situation towards the body have the main impact on the duration and the level of pain. Likewise, those with a back injury, depressed people and those under continuous stress are more porn to chronic pain. While patients with less complicating psychological problems and less stress are the ones who improve faster. 

Physical Medicine To Relieve Low Back Pain

The Low Back Pain can be chronic or acute and according to the stage of the problems, there are different remedies given by physicians to get rid of the pain which can be medications, physical medicine, and even surgeries. Here we talk about physical medicines. 

  • Avoid those activities which can aggravate your pain
  • Continue with your physical active therapy like stretching and passive ones like keeping ice, heat, body massage, electrical stimulation, and ultrasound.
  • manipulation or Chiropractic therapy
  • Yoga or Pilates, which is helpful to stretch and strengthen muscles.

Always you need to take your health seriously while noticing pain in your lower back you need to contact the physician and get the consultancy. Remember always curing in the first stage is easier than the last stage.

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