Lower Back Pain: Symptoms, Diagnosis, And Treatment
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Lower Back Pain: Symptoms, Diagnosis, And Treatment

Introduction of Lower Back Pain

It can be said that pain is an unpleasant feeling when you can’t behave comfortably or an unpleasant body sensation that makes your body uncomfortable. And when it comes to the lower back pain, it becomes the worst problem for anyone as lower back pain is a most painful, uncomfortable, unpleasant condition that badly affects the lower part of the spine.

There may be different reasons for Lower back pain, it can be caused by an injury to a muscle or ligament and any damage to the soft tissue of muscle.

Type of Lower Back Pain

Lower back pain is a disorder of muscles that lead a discomfort to a person. People generally face 3 types of lower back pain.

1)Non-Specific back pain

Generally, it is caused by twisting, stretching, lifting or by any unexpected or sudden movement. But there may be many other reasons too for the cause of non-specific back pain. Mostly, the people face this pain in the lower back, but in the savior condition it may spread to thighs and buttocks also. The non-specific pain can be improved quickly as compared to other lower back pain.

2) Specific back pain

Tumors, inflammatory conditions like infections, spondyloarthritis, etc problems are the cause of specific back pain. Like Non-specific problems, they can’t be improved quickly.

3) Referred back pain

Problems from internal organs such as kidney stones, gallbladder disease, kidney infections, aortic aneurysm, etc may lead to the problem of referred back pain.

Cause of Lower Back Pain

There are many reasons for the cause of lower back pain. It can be because of heavy lifting, sudden movement, fall, etc. Most commonly, the cause of lower back pain is the injuries of soft-tissues or the mechanical issues. The lower back injuries can damage the compression of nerve roots, spinal joints, intervertebral discs.

Commonly back pained conditions are:

Skeleton irregularities:

A state in which the spinal curves to the side scoliosis can also lead to back pain.

Ligament strain/ muscle:

Poor physical postures, constant strain on the back, heavy lifting or a sudden awkward movement can strain back muscles.

Arthritis:

Arthritis is joint inflammation. There is two arthritis that is osteoarthritis and rheumatoid. Osteoarthritis can affect the lower back of the body. It is also known as degenerative joint disease and may occur with aging. Around the spinal cord, arthritis can lead to a narrowing of the space in the spine. It is also known as spinal stenosis.

Ruptured discs or slipped discs:

The discs are not as flexible as you age. It works as the cushion between the bones in the spinal cord. The soft part of the discs can be ruptured.

How To Prevent Your Back From Pain?

Any age group can face the problem of lower back pain. Because the pain never asks you the age it can be because of heavy lifting or any movement. At the right time with some good practices, you can get relief from the pain.

1) Yoga:

Yoga will always help to come out of many health problems. It is a mind-body therapy that is recommended by the doctors to treat back problems. You can gain more awareness of your body by practicing yoga every day. 

Some Yoga pose that will help to overcome back pain are:

  • Child’s pose
  • Downward Facing Dog
  • Sphinx pose
  • Standing Forward Bend
  • Knees to Chest with Slow Rock
  • Reclined Pigeon Pose
  • Reclined Supine Twist

2) Exercise:

Regular exercise or aerobic activities boosts your body and increases the strength and endurance of the back. Regular exercise helps the muscles to grow and function better. Exercise improves the blood circulation which makes the body function better.

3) Healthy weight: 

It is important to gain healthy weight as obesity or being overweight strains back muscles. So you should have the weight according to the age and height.

4) Correct body movement:

You should always be incorrect body movement to avoid pain. Always keep a few things to avoid pain:

  • Avoid such movements that can twist or strain the back.
  • You should avoid standing for a long period of time.
  • Use a seat with lower back support to avoid back pain.
  • Body position should be frequently changed every half an hour.
  • Avoid heavy weight lifting
  • Avoid twisting
  • Always keep you back straight

Risk Factors of Lower Back Pain

1) Lack of exercise:

Lack of exercise makes your muscles weak and might lead to back pain.

2) Excess of weight:

Excess weight strains the back muscles and puts extra stress on the back of the body.

3) Diseases:

There are some diseases( cancer and Osteoarthritis) that may cause the problem of lower back pain.

4) Smoking:

Smoking is responsible for reducing the flow of blood to the lower spine and leads to the problem of back pain.

5) Psychological condition:

The people facing the problem of anxiety and depression have higher risk of back pain.

6) Improper heavy weight lifting:

Instead of using your back to lift the weight, always lift weight using your legs, otherwise, you may face the problem of back pain.

7) Improper body posture:

To keep the body away from back pain, it is always important to have a good body posture. 

Diagnosis of Lower Back Pain

Identifying the cause of the pain is obtaining an accurate diagnosis. The doctor takes the general idea of the pain from the given information of the patient.

The doctor will check on three stages.

1) The patient history:

 In this process, the doctor will take a detailed description of symptoms from the patient. The patient also provides complete medical history. The doctor will collect the information such as sleep hours, Recent injury of the patient, Sleep position, Activity level of the patient,

Uncomfortable postures of the patient.

2) Patient’s physical test

In the physical test of the patient, the doctor will check the activities such as palpation (To check by hands), the reflex test, leg raise test, motion range test, neurologic test.

3) Diagnosis of Imaging test

This test is conducted to gain the more and exact cause of the pain. This test is mainly conducted when the patient’s pain is severe. During the Imaging test the doctor asks the patient to go for the test of X-ray (to show the alignment of the bones), MRI or CT scan (show problems of discs, bones, muscles, etc), bone scan (to check bone tumors, fractures caused by osteoporosis), nerve studies, blood test.

Treatment For Lower Back Pain

Pain is a complex and unpleasant state. But it is possible to overcome the problem of back pain With the help of proper treatment , exercise, medication and chiropractic care.

Doctors suggest different types of treatment to the patients based on the type of pain.

1) Medications

  • Injections
  • Topical pain relievers
  • Muscles relaxants
  • OTC pain relievers

2) Exercise

Regular exercise will improve blood circulation and will help to get relief from the pain.

3) Yoga

Yoga helps to come out from the lower back pain and stress. 

4) Physical therapy

Doctors suggest going for physical therapy to improve flexibility and to strengthen the back of the body. Regular therapy helps you to get relief from pain.

5) Surgery

Sometimes doctors suggest their patients go for surgery.

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