IUD Birth Control Side Effects And Working: Hormonal IUD And Copper IUD

IUD Birth Control Side Effects

There are so many birth control methods available these days. Some are in the form of pills that needs to be consumed orally, while some need to be inserted into the vagina and some need to be injected. One of these methods is the intrauterine device.  Also, this device is known as one of the most effective birth control methods. Also, in this particular blog, we are gonna deal with the IUD birth control side effects and work.

A hormonal IUD is also called an Intrauterine device. It is your one-stop solution if you are thinking to go for a long-term birth control method. So now let’s see what IUD is?

What IUD Is?

IUD is one of the methods of birth control. It is a long-term solution for this unwanted pregnancy. It is a T-shaped device that you need to insert inside the uterus. It is one of the most effective birth control methods. The IUD’s full form is Intrauterine Device. The IUD is also known as IUC that stands for intrauterine contraception. It is an effective and safe method for unwanted pregnancy. It is a long-lasting solution for unwanted pregnancy. 

It lasts for 3 to 10 years depending on what type of IUD you are using. The IUD is found in basically two types. One is made up of copper while the other one is made up of plastic. So, now let us see the types of IUD in brief.  

Let us See What Are The Different Types Of IUD?

So basically there are two types of IUD. The very first IUD is known as the Hormonal IUD and another one is the Copper IUD. So now let us see these two types of IUDs. 

Hormonal IUD

Hormonal IUDs are made up of plastic that needs to be inserted into the uterus. Also, the best part of the IUDs is that they stay for years. The IUD places in the uterus release a small number of hormones called progestin. This progestin hormone stops the sperm to get joined with the eggs. It works very similar to those birth control rings, birth control patches, birth control pills, or any other types of birth control methods. 

It also stops ovulation in women. Also, it thickens the cervical mucus that finally helps in not entering the sperm to the eggs. The main focus of any contraceptive method is to stop fertilization. If there is no fertilization there will be no pregnancy. 

Copper IUD

Copper IUD is the IUDs wrapped with copper wire. It lasts even longer than the Hormonal IUDs. it lasts for up to 10 years. People also use this as emergency birth control after having unprotected sex. It is one of the devices that is almost 100 percent effective. So, if you were searching for a contraceptive method with higher effectiveness, then your search is complete now. 

Well, the copper IUD can lead to severe bleeding during the periods. Also, it can lead to more cramps during the periods. But all these bleeding and cramp issues wear off within few months.  

IUD Birth Control Side Effects

Like any other medications or birth control methods, this particular birth control method also has some side effects. So in this section let’s see some of the IUD birth control side effects. So let us start with the Hormonal side effects. 

Hormonal IUD Side Effects

A hormonal IUD works pretty fine and lasts long for almost 3 years. Having an effectiveness rate of almost 100 percent. But this method also has some of the side effects that we are going to deal hear. Although these methods wear off in few weeks or sometimes a month. So below are some of the side hormonal IUD side effects. 

  • breast soreness
  • breast looseness
  • headaches
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Mood changes
  • mood changes
  • weight gain
  • Acne

Some Other Hormonal Side Effects

  • abdominal pain (especially in the lower abdomen)
  • pain during sex and urination
  • foul-smelling vaginal discharge
  • irregular bleeding
  • fatigue
  • fever

Copper IUD Side Effects

The copper IUD lasts even longer than the hormonal IUD. It is well known for its effectiveness and safety. It is known for the long-term solution for unwanted pregnancy. It last long for almost 10 years. Besides this, the copper IUD has some side effects too that we are going to deal with in this particular section. So below are some side copper IUD side effects. 

  • Anemia
  • backaches
  • Spotting between periods
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Painful sex
  • Bleeding periods
  • Cramps
  • Severe menstrual pain 

IUD Birth Control Effectiveness

We already mentioned above that the IUD birth control method is known for its effectiveness. This particular birth control method has an effective rate of 99percent. In some cases, it is even 100 percent effective. And that is the reason why this particular birth control method famous. 

How Much Does Copper IUD Cost? 

Well, if you go for the copper IUD without any insurance, it will cost you around $500 to $1,300. But there is good news that many planned parenthood health care centers provide this IUD at a very cheap cost. This method is a little costlier but effective at the same time. Well, they provide the copper IUD at a lower cost to the people who can’t afford the insurance or those who don’t have the insurance. Also, if you go for the insurance then it might be covered in insurance. 

How Much Does Hormonal IUD Cost?

The Hormonal IUD costs around $0 to $1300 without. This IUD costs a little lower than the copper IUD. Also, this particular is made available by the government of the US. Also, many insurance plans cover this hormonal IUD. 


1. Let Us See Can a guy feel an IUD?

Well, the IUD is placed inside the uterus, but a thin string can be found in the vagina. But if the IUD is placed correctly, it can’t feel to a guy. Also, the cervical mucus makes it hard to feel a guy. 

2. Is it painful to have an IUD put in?

At the time of placing an IUD, it may feel some cramping and pain. In some cases, the cramping is worsened. But fortunately, these pains last for few minutes. Also, some doctors suggest taking the painkillers before placing the IUD in the uterus. 

3. Let Us Know Do you bleed after IUD insertion?

Yes, you can have bleeding after IUD insertion but it is normal. There is no need to worry about the bleeding. But in some cases, the heavier bleeding starts, in that case, it is suggested to consult for medical help.         


So that’s all about the IUD birth control method. Although this method is very effective still there are some common as well as critical side effects of this method. All those side effects are discussed above. Also, we discussed the cost of the hormonal as well as the copper IUD birth control method. 

Although it is one of the best birth control methods available to us. But it is always suggested to go for some natural birth control methods. Planned parenthood is the best option if you are going for a birth control method.      

Write a comment

Your email address will not be published. All fields are required