Shoulder Pain: Causes, Treatments & Diagnosis
Shoulder Pain: Causes, Treatments & Diagnosis

A human shoulder is a combination of several joints that associate with tendons & muscles to allow complete activity through the arms. From picking to throw anything shoulder play an important role in your daily life. But a small shoulder pain affects so much activity of our daily life & sometimes ignoring pain between the shoulder will become a heavy cause in the future. Here in this blog, we explain shoulder pain causes, treatments, and diagnosis.

A shoulder is mainly functioning with three bones, which are:

  • Humerus (Long-arm bone)
  • Clavicle (Collarbone)
  • Scapula (Shoulder blade)

These muscles bones are joint with a layer of cartilage. The main joints of the shoulder acromioclavicular joint present between the part of the scapula & clavicle.

Similarly, the glenohumeral joint is present in the ball-shaped part of the human bone & outer edge of the scapula. In normal terms, we also called this shoulder joint.

This shoulder joint is the most portable joint of the body. It helps to move the shoulder forward, backward, up, and downside.

This article explains the reason for shoulder pain as well as you get more information on treatment & diagnosis of shoulder pain. Also, you get the information on home shoulder pain treatment & when to visit a doctor.  

The Major Cause of Shoulder Pain

There are several factors & condition will affect your shoulder. Apart from them, Rotator cuff tendinitis is one of the major causes of shoulder pain. Also, impingement syndrome is one of the major reasons for shoulder pain. Where muscles rotator caught (which is part of the scapula) and humeral head in the area of the humerus & this will be a cause of pain in other body parts such as neck or biceps pain. This pain is also known as referred pain & this will more panic when you move your shoulder in any direction.

Other Major Cause Responsible For Shoulder Pain

  • Arthritis
  • Heart attack
  • Torn cartilage
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Torn rotator cough
  • Injury because of heavy use
  • Due to tendons
  • Shoulder dislocation
  • Bone spurs due to the edges of bones
  • Frozen shoulder
  • Nerve pinched in neck or shoulder

These are the list of the basic and very common causes of shoulder pain. Due to any of them, you experience that movement of the shoulder is maybe little or hard panic. So that if you feel any symptoms related to these body parts, you need to take precautions or consult with your doctor or physician.

Way To Prevent Shoulder Pain

Including simple shoulder exercise in your daily routine is the best way to take prevention against shoulder pain. Daily arm exercise will help to stretch and strengthen muscles as well as rotator cuff tendons.

To know how to do a shoulder exercise, you need to consult with a physical therapist or any occupational therapist. They will provide you better information related to shoulder or arm exercise in a proper way.

Also, if you get any shoulder injury in the past, using ice for 15 minutes after shoulder exercise will prevent any future shoulder injury.

Treatment For Shoulder Pain

Basically the shoulder pain treatment is dependent on the cause and severity of the shoulder pain. Based on the shoulder injury there is various treatment such as physical or occupational therapy, surgery or sling or shoulder immobilizer.

The physician or doctor will better prescribe better medicine for instant relief. Most of the time for getting better relief from shoulder pain they suggest nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications or corticosteroids. This corticosteroid is one of the powerful anti-inflammatories medicine which is directly taken by mouth or the doctor will inject this medicine in your shoulder.

If you have any previous shoulder injury, you need to consult with your doctor & follow all the instructions very carefully.

Few minor shoulder pain which occurs due to heavy work or other activity will be easily treated at home. The best way to reduce shoulder pain at home, apply ice cube in your shoulder 15 to 20 minutes after shoulder exercise. You need to apply this activity for several days to reduce the pain. Using an ice bag or wrap a few ice cubes inside the cloth is a better way to protect your skin from ice. Because when you apply an ice cube directly on your skin, it will be a major reason for skin burn or frostbite.

Also, you need to rest your shoulder for a few days and try to avoid heavy activity or movement, because they might be a cause of pain. You can also do other shoulder pain relief exercises or activity at home including counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to control or reduce the shoulder pain. Similarly, like reducing the pain, they reduce inflammation and compressing the area by using an elastic bandage which helps to reduce swelling.

Way To Diagnosed Shoulder Pain

The best way to diagnose shoulder pain, consult with the doctor or physician. Also, you need to share all medical history before doing the physical examination.

According to the pain or shoulder movement, they suggest imaging tests like X-ray or MRI. These tests based on your shoulder motion, activity, swelling or joint stability.

Points To Share With The Physician During a Shoulder Examination

Few important points you need to discuss with your doctor or physician during the shoulder examination. This will help to find out the main cause of shoulder pain and also beneficial to get the best shoulder pain treatment.

Points You Need To Share

  • Shoulder pain occurs in right-hand or left-hand. Also if you feel both shoulder pains consult with your doctor.
  • Duration of pain. Which means shoulder pain begins suddenly or sometimes.
  • Apart from shoulder pain, do you feel pain in other areas of the body?
  • If possible then pinpoint the exact area of pain.
  • Which time pain occurs mostly? when you move or stable.
  • If pain hurts more when you move to a particular area of the body.
  • Which type of pain sharp or dull ache?
  • Is there any marks or swelling in the area of pain.
  • Do you feel pain 24*7 or any particular time?
  • Which type of home treatment provide you shoulder pain relief.
  • What kind of activity you able to do or what kind of activity you not able to do during the shoulder pain.

When To Get Medical Help?

If you are feeling extreme condition shoulder pain, without any more delay you need to consult with a physician or doctor. Apart from the pain, some other symptoms such as unable to move your shoulder, heat or any kind of tenderness around the joint, don’t feel any relaxation after home treatment or lasting bruising.

If your shoulder pain is not related to any injury or it occurs suddenly, then you need to consult with your doctor as soon as possible. Because of some time shoulder pain is a symptom of a heart attack as well as including:

  • Any kind of a pain in neck or jaw
  • Chest tightness
  • Excessive sweating
  • Any kind of trouble in breathing
  • dizziness


Ignoring shoulder pain is harmful to your life. Because having pain in the shoulder without any injury is symptoms of a major heart attack. By using minor prevention such as regular shoulder exercise at home, you can avoid any serious injury. All the small steps of precaution not only save your shoulder but they provide you a healthy life.

Apart from the shoulder pain home treatment, you need to consult with your doctor if you are not getting much improvement. Regular use of doctors prescribes medicine and exercise will give you better prevention.

An occupied physician or doctor consultation is the best way to treatment of shoulder pain. 

In this article, we provide detail information on shoulder pain: causes, treatments & diagnosis. Hope this article will help you with more information and prevention related to shoulder pain.

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