Types of Body Pain | Causes | Prevention | Treatment
Body pain, really in this hard daily routine, where we don’t have time for illness, read this informative article to know all about Body Pain types, causes, prevention, treatment. In that situation, if anyone (me and you), go through the illness of body pain becomes too hectic. Many people think that body pain is the symbol of upcoming diseases like fever, cold, or high BP. Yes, there is a possibility of such conditions but we can’t say 100% true.
Pain is an uncomfortable sensation in the body that is triggered by the nervous system, some time experience muscle aches. In other words, you can say that pain is the feeling which is judged by our brain, it may be occurred due to weakness, tension, or physical activity.
Why body pain occurs?
Pain is nothing more than a feel which is detected by our brain, from the area of our body part (where the pain has occurred) send a message via nerve fibers to spinal cord and brainstorm, further, transfer to the brain (sensation of pain feel) where the pain is perceived.
- Pain receptor is activated by tissue damage (During pain feel)
- The peripheral nerve passes the signal of pain to the spinal cord.
- The spinal cord has neurotransmitters which activate other nerves.
- Thalamus relay signal to the somatosensory cortex, frontal cortex, and limbic system.
Is back pain common in Acute or Chronic body pain?
No, back pain is not common in both the type of body pain, but sometimes you can feel the pain which is different from their scientific region. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, back pain is not a common problem. In the USA, if people are suffering from body pain then the possibility of occurring headache is more. Below age 50, more than 80% person from back pain and 87% of people suffer from body pain.
Suggested Read: Lower Back Pain
Types of Body pain
- Acute pain,
- Chronic pain,
Body pain may occur due to environmental, biological, emotional, cognitive.
i) Acute Pain
Acute body pain results from an illness or event, like injury or surgery, occurred suddenly and gradually diminishes after medical treatment. It can range from mild to severe, may last for weeks or months. If you provide a good treatment then acute body pain will vanish within six months.
Muscle aches pain:
Myalgia (muscle aches) is a common pain, which is experienced by everyone. It happens due to stretch or lifting a heavy product, suddenly.
Causes: Muscle tension, excess physical activity suddenly, physical damage(injuring the muscle)
Medical Condition: Fibromyalgia, Infection, lupus, dermatomyositis, statins, ACE inhibitors, hypothyroidism, hypokalemia.
Acute pain typically comes suddenly and has a limited duration, caused by bone, muscle, or organs anxiety or emotional distress.
ii) Chronic Pain
Chronic body pain is pain detected by the nervous system that persists over time without any apparent causes like injury or illness. The duration of pain may persist for weeks or even years. During the chronic pain, a person has to suffer from loss of sleep and inability to function normally, along with intolerated pain.
Chronic pain lasts longer than acute pain and needed medical treatment, considered a long term illness. It may damage the tissue but mainly attributable to nerve damage.
Note: If a person(he/she/kids) suffering from acute or chronic body pain, make sure that medicine can be taken based on the doctor’s advice.
Check out the difference between both Acute and Chronic body pain before understanding the individual concept.
Acute pain usually comes suddenly on doing something specific, sharp in quality. Pain doesn’t last longer than six months but doesn’t go longer if no reason for pain.
Causes of acute body pain
- Broken bone,
- Burns or cuts,
- Dental work,
- Labor and childbirth,
Chronic body pain is durable pain which can be, more than 6 months or years. Generally, the pain vanishes after the treatment of their root causes but chronic body pain can’t vanish after the injury or illness that caused it has healed or gone away.
Causes of chronic body pain
- Back pain,
- Fibromyalgia pain,
- Nerve pain,
People, those are suffering from chronic pain can feel stressed, tense muscles, movement issue, lack of energy, appetite changes along with lack of food eating interest. You can also see the condition such as emotional effects, depression, anger, anxiety, and fear of re-injury.
Few things which happen due to Body pain or back pain:
- Poor posture on seating,
- Poor physical condition like illness,
- Doing muscles, ligaments, or joints for activities more than capable,
- Improperly lifting any object,
- Quick action, or suddenly starting work.
Both acute and chronic pain is not good for the body because can affect a person’s mind. In a few conditions, chronic pain makes a person more susceptible to psychological consequences such as depression and anxiety.
Feeling of every pain is different, you don’t feel the same during every pain, that because of the nervous system.
Example: bee sting, a broken bone, long-term illness, muscular pain. Even the experience of pain varies from one person to another.
More than 70% of people with chronic pain, treated with medication. Sometimes, a breakthrough can occur even when you use medicine regularly.
Pain is often classified based on damage, that causes it. The main categories, which is caused by tissue damage or happen due to nerve damage.
Psychogenic pain affected by psychological factors maybe you can consider either in tissue damage or nerve damage.
But the symptoms have pain along with fear, depression, stress, or anxiety.
Pain may be referred to as muscular pain, joint pain, chest pain or back pain.
Fibromyalgia is also a type of pain occurs in the body when myofascial pain syndrome triggers the located point of the body’s muscles.
Causes of Body Pain
Causes of body pain vary from person to person, so it is not any fixed reason for their occurrence. But we have information about a few parts of the body, where pain occurs.
Pain caused by Tissue damage
Most pain comes from tissue damage, the pain stems from an injury to the body’s tissues. It can also damage the bone, soft tissue, or organs which can come from diseases like cancer, DENV (Dengue fever virus), RNA virus, cut or a broken bone.
The pain experienced like an ache, a sharp stabbing, or a throbbing, may become, go and constant. Sometimes you can feel that pain during deep breathing.
Pain from tissue damage can be acute, example like sports injuries(sprained ankle or turf toe). But for chronic body pain arthritis or chronic headaches are a common issue, in some cases medical treatment such as radiation for cancer causes tissue damage, and resulting pain.
Pain Caused by Nerve Damage
Nerves function is similar to a transmission, which flows the pain signal to the brain. Therefore, the damaged nerve can interfere with the transmitted signal and show the presence of pain. You may feel burning, without any heat applied to the body.
Nerve pain damage
The nerve can be damaged by diseases(diabetes) or trauma. Stroke, HIV infection & chemotherapy drugs may cause nerve damage you will feel the pain. It is not good for health because it may damage the central nervous system (CNS).
The pain which occurs due to nerve damage may create a big problem for you because of the brain and spinal cord connectivity. Possibility of peripheral nerves damage increases more because body action and motion depends on it.
Central pain syndrome
It is considered in the list of chronic pain that stems from damage to the central nervous system. CPS(Central pain syndrome) can be caused by stroke, MS, tumors. The pain which is typically constant and affects the larger part of body hand or feet. During this pain, you can feel movement, touch, emotions, and temperature changes.
Complex regional pain syndrome
CRPS (Complex regional pain syndrome) can cause a serious injury, feels like persistent burning. Sometimes you can see abnormal sweating, changes in skin color, sometimes you can see with swelling.
Diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain
In this problem, pain comes from nerve damage in the feet, legs, hands, or arms, which are caused by diabetes. The problem of pain during this disease increase more, pain may feel like burning, stabbing, and tingling.
Shingles and postherpetic neuralgia
It is an infection caused by the same virus of chickenpox, the rash, and associated pain can be felt by patients.
Shingles and postherpetic is a pain, which shingles last more than a month.
In this stage of pain, inflammation of the facial nerve causes a big problem. Described pain of this is intense and lightning, which occurs in the lips, scalp, forehead, eye, nose, gums, cheek, and chin on one side of the face. You can feel a slight comfort, by pressing the trigger area of pain.
Body Pain Prevention Tips
Here are some body pain prevention tips, which will help you in recovering body pain.
Eat (healthy, well-balanced diet)
- Balance diet provides strongness to the body,
- It also reduces inflammation,
- Health diet best for bones, muscles and blood purification.
Weight control (weight according to height)
The overweighted body can give you an uncomfortable feeling because balancing the body weight on a chair is not easy for them.
Weight puts stress on joints and muscles, can increase the pain of the body due to a load of weight.
Note: Heavyweight person feels more pain than a slim body person, it is experimentally proved.
We are not advising you to go to a gym, your regular exercises like running, swimming, situps and crunches are much better than the gym. Because these activity doesn’t strain or jolt the back, so muscles to function better.
Strength and flexibility(perfect body)
Strength and flexibility increase the resistance power of a person, by increasing your strength by doing regular exercise and yoga can help you to get perfect result.
The strength of the body is best for body pain prevention, so keep doing work for it.
Posture of body
To reduce or protect your body from pain, don’t sit for extended periods. Always make 80-90% angle during work, on your chair, don’t lean on your work platform.
- Avoid heavy lifting,
- Sudden activity,
Cigarette contains a very unhygienic chemical which damages the heart and blood vessels. During pain, if you are smoking, the flow of blood circulation increases and suffered body area with pain feels more pain.
Feeling of pain increase when you are in stress. Avoid taking stress, by doing meditation, loud laughter and situation handing with cool mind help you to remove the pain.
Few more tips
- Avoid high heels,
- Careful during lift heavy objects,
- During exercise lift similar weight,
- Before selecting a chair, check out the straight back or low-back support,
- Don’t carry heavyweight bags,
- Always purchase right handbag or briefcase,
- Sleeping position,
- Keep doing yoga.
Body Pain Treatment
During body pain treatment, you have to be very careful because if you are not doing good treatment, you can suffer a lot. Generally body pain increase due to the careless approach of treatments. The faith of a person varies from person to person, some people believe in-home treatment and some are in medical treatments.
Here, you can check out both the process of treatment.
There is two way of treatment:
1. Home treatments
Home treatments for body pain are very effective because you don’t get any allergic reaction. If you are suffering from body pain then follow the below advice for a week and get a good result.
It helps your body to repair and recuperate, during sleep body goes in rest mode. The chemical of the body tries to heal the pain. But it is only beneficial when the person takes a good rest.
Hydrate your body
Try to drink plenty of fluids (water or juice). Drinking water helps you to keep your body hydrated. It also helps in the digestive system, which increase the energy level.
You can take Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which help you to reduce the pain.
Heat can relax muscles and tension, if you are taking warm bath 2 times a day, you can feel result at a time.
Avoid to cool or too hot temperature, try to take rest in a normal room. Because if your body is heated due to pain and you are preferring an AC room to live, it causes fever.
Few More things which are best for natural treatment of body pain:
- Good posture(sitting and standing),
- Lift heavy objects from the leg,
- Carry heavy objects close to the body,
- Don’t do any work which needed waist to change direction,
- Maintain a healthy body and weight,
- Excess weight can tax the body’s muscles, which leads to body pain,
- Sleep in one direction,
- Sometimes body pain occurs due to excess physical work or by following an odd routine.
2. Medical Treatments
Medical treatments for body pain are very active, high dose pain relieves medicine can help you to get a good quick pain comfort. But that is not too good, maybe you can feel the pain, just after the end of medicine impact.
Check out the medical treatments which are mentioned below-
Mild forms of pain can be disclosed by over-the-counter(OTC) medications such as Tylenol, (NSAIDs) aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen. Drugs therapy have two ways to take Nonprescription and Prescription. Pain relievers medicine is present in creams, lotions, or sprays that are applied to the skin to relieve pain and inflammation.
OTC drugs generally not good in providing relief, so consult with a doctor while taking pain relief medicine.
Medicine provided by the doctor is much more good because they provide a drug according to the requirements of pain.
In July 2015, the FDA revealed that both prescription and over-the-counter NSAIDs causes heart attacks(higher dose of drugs). Sometimes, the possibility of developing bleeding stomach ulcers increases more.
Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) of pain is another strategy for pain control. By pressing a computerized pump, the patient can self-control a premeasured portion of pain drug. The pump is connected with a little cylinder that enables the medication to be infused intravenously (into a vein), subcutaneously (simply under the skin), or into the spinal region. This is regularly utilized in the medical clinic to treat pain.
Treatment of body pain Surgical Implants
The surgical approach of pain is used when medicines and physical therapy fail to offer adequate pain relief.
Injections on trigger point
Trigger point injection is a process used to treat a painful area of muscle that contains trigger points, or muscle that structured when muscles don’t feel relaxed. During this process, a health services adviser, using a little needle, injects a local anesthetic that occasionally incorporates asteroid into a trigger point (clean saltwater injected sometimes). With the injection, the trigger point is made idle and the pain is reduced. As a rule, a short course of treatment will result in supported help.
Trigger point infusion is utilized to treat muscle torment in the arms, legs, lower back, and neck. What’s more, this methodology has been utilized to treat fibromyalgia, pressure cerebral pains, and myofascial torment disorder (unending torment including tissue that encompasses muscle) that does not react to other treatment.
Intrathecal Drug Delivery
Likewise called mixture pain pumps or spinal medication delivery systems. The surgeon makes a pocket under the skin that is enough to hold a medication pump. The pump is more often than not around one inch thick and three inches wide. The specialist additionally embeds a catheter, which conveys pain medicine from the pump to the intrathecal space around the spinal line. The inserts convey medications, for example, morphine or a muscle relaxant directly to the spinal string, where pain sign travel. For this reason, you can feel a significant pain control within 2 or 3 doses. Furthermore, the system can cause fewer reactions than oral drugs because less medication is required to control Pain.
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation treatment, all the more regularly related to as TENS, electrical incitement is used to diminish pain. During the method, low-voltage electrical flow is delivered through electrodes are put on the skin close to the source of pain.
The power from the electrodes stimulates the nerves in an affected area and sends signals to the cerebrum that “scramble” normal pain sign.
TENS isn’t excruciating and might be an effective therapy. For example, diabetic neuropathy. Be that as it may, TENS for endless low back agony isn’t successful and can’t be prescribed, says the American Academy of Neurology (AAN).
The treatment release pain by blocking torment messages to the mind. Bioelectric treatment likewise prompts the body to create synthetic compounds considered endorphins. That abatement or dispose of excruciating sensations by obstructing the message of pain from being conveyed to the mind.
Bioelectric therapy can be utilized to treat numerous chronic and acute conditions causing pain, for example, back pain, muscle stress/pain, cerebral pains and headaches, joint inflammation, TMJ issue, diabetic neuropathy, and scleroderma.
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