Birth Control Devices: Its Type, Side Effects, And Uses

Birth Control Devices

The population is the major issue nowadays throughout the globe. The number shows that the population is even growing day by day. The growing population is a global problem. According to a survey, in 2021 the world’s population is going to be around 7.9 billion. And till 2057 the world’s population will be around 10 billion. So don’t you think the numbers presented in front of you are huge? 

If the population keeps growing like this then soon we will be out of the land space on the earth. Well, to deal with the growing population, there are different types of birth control methods available. For example, there are birth control pills, birth control implants, IUD birth control, birth control rings, and birth control patches, birth control implant, and permanent birth control methods

Although these methods are quite famous and effective at the same time, they don’t help in dealing with sexually transmitted infections. And this is the major problem of these methods. But not to worry here as some birth control devices might help you in dealing with these sexually transmitted infections. And in this particular blog, we are going to deal with those birth control devices in detail. So without wasting any further time let’s directly jump to types of devices that help you in dealing with birth control as well as sexually transmitted devices.  


condom- birth control devices

The very first device in the list of birth control devices is condoms. Well, the condom is the most popular and most used birth control device. It is easily available everywhere. Also, it is one of the cheapest birth control devices. Condoms are the devices if the need is to of sexual intercourse, oral sex, or anal sex.  The best part of a condom is that you can use them very easily. Also, condoms help us in dealing with sexually transmitted infections and diseases. Condoms are made up of latex or rubber. Also, some condoms are made up of polyurethane or lambskin. 

The condoms that are made up of polyurethane and latex provide more protection to sexually transmitted infections than the others. It is available with or without lubricants. They are widely available and in some countries, the government provides the condom for free of cost. The best part of the condom is that you can buy it without any prescription. They are available in several sizes, patterns, and textures. People also buy textured condoms to increase the sensations and enhance their sexual needs. Also, condoms are available for both males and females. 

Condom Side Effects

Well, condoms don’t have any major side effects but there can be some allergic reactions if you or your partner have some allergy to the latex. So below are some of the most common side effects of using a condom. 

  • Runny nose 
  • Tightening of airways if the size is not accurate
  • Loss of blood pressure 
  • Allergic issues   

How To Put Condom?

Although it’s easy to put on a condom, still there can be questions if you are using the condom for the first time. So now you don’t need to worry as in this section we are going to see actually how to put condoms properly. The very first thing that needs to be kept in mind is to get a condom that fits you properly. The smaller size condoms may cause the tightening of the airways and this will eventually lead to loss of blood pressure. 

While the larger size condoms may give you bad sexual experiences. Also, the condoms should be placed in cool and dry places. One should check its expiry date as well before using the condom. Condom is a one-time use device and one should not use the same condom again after first use. Also, one should properly check the condom if it is damaged. As the damaged one can make your partner go pregnant. 

Now let’s see how to put condoms properly. So just follow the steps given below to put a condom properly. 

  • Tear the condom’s packet. Don’t use the teeth or your fingernails to tear the packet. 
  • Apply some lubricant if the condom is not pre-lubricated. 
  • Your penis should have a proper erection before putting on the condom. Now pull the foreskin back. 
  • Now put the condoms opening on your penis’s top and roll down the condom. It should cover the whole penis. 
  • After the sex, remove the condom and dispose of it in the trash.  

Well, that’s all about how to use condoms now let us see some of the pros and cons of condoms. 

Pros And Cons Of Condoms

Well, everything that exists in this world has some upsides and downsides as well. And the same is with condoms too. So in this section, we will see some of the pros and cons of condoms that you should know.

Deals with the sexually transmitted infections Are not foolproof
Cheaper Damaged condoms can result negatively
Enhances the sexual experiences

That’s all about condoms, and their pros and cons. Now it’s time to see the next device on the list of birth control devices.  

Birth Control Sponge

birth control sponge

Well, another awesome device on the list of birth control devices is the birth control sponge. The sponge is made of polyurethane foam. What all it does is preventing the sperm from getting into the uterus. Also, it contains spermicide that is responsible for killing or blocking the sperms. Well, females need to insert the sponge into the vagina so that its cervix gets covered. 

The vaginal muscle holds the sponge. Also, the sponge has a strap on one side so that it could be easily removed. Although the sponge works pretty well and also prevents you from getting pregnant, it not helps in dealing with sexually transmitted infections or diseases.

Contraceptive Sponge Side Effects

Well, the side effects we are going to deal with in this section are very common and you get back to normal condition very soon. So there is no need of getting panic. So below are some of the side effects of the contraceptive sponge. 

  • Vaginal irritation
  • Dryness
  • Vaginal infection 
  • Risk of sexually transmitted infections. 
  • Toxic shock syndrome

How To Use Sponge

So putting a sponge properly is very must. The wrong placement of sponges may lead to some undesirable circumstances. So below are the steps that show how to use sponge properly. 

  • Take out the sponge from the packet and moisten it with 2 tablespoon water. After moistening the sponge simply squeeze the sponge. The spermicides inside the sponge get activated as it comes in contact with the water. 
  • Now insert the sponge inside the vagina. For inserting the sponge spread your legs wider, seat in a squatting position, or use a chair. Separate the labia with one hand and with another hand just hold the sponge by folding it from upside. Now insert the sponge inside with two fingers as far as you can. Don’t use your fingernails while inserting the sponge. 
  • Check if the sponge is properly placed. Use the finger to check if the whole of the cervix is covered or not. 
  • Leave the sponge inserted for the next six hours after the sex but not leave it for more than 24 hours.
  • Now once the required time is over remove the sponge by pulling the strap. If you are not able to find the strap use your thumb and forefinger and gently remove the sponge.    
  • Dispose of the used sponge carefully don’t flush it or throw it in an open area.  

Contraceptive Sponge Advantages And Disadvantages

Now it’s time to see the upside and downside of contraceptive sponge. So below are some of the contraceptive sponge advantages and disadvantages.              

Can be used as a backup birth control method. Unable to deal with sexually transmitted infections
Can be inserted easily Can be allergic to some people 
Protection from pregnancies for up to 24 hours
No need for prescription

Cervical Cap Birth Control Device

Cervical Cap Birth Control Device

Well, another widely used device is the cervical cap.  The cervical cap is also known as the vaginal cap. The cervical cap is made up of silicon. The cervical cap is inserted inside the vagina and covers the cervix. It covers the cervix so that the sperm could not enter it. And as there is no sperm to enter, there won’t be any fertilization. And finally, no pregnancy will occur. 

Although it is one of the widely used devices, it does not helps in dealing with sexually transmitted devices. Also, it is not that very effective in cases of the woman who are already having babies. This device too uses spermicides to prevent sperm from entering the uterus. It either destroys the sperm or does not let it enter the uterus exactly like what a sponge does.  Also, it should be removed after using it for 24 hours. 

Cervical cap side effects

Like the other two devices, this device too has some side effects. And this particular section is all about the side effects of the cervical cap. So below are given some of the side effects of the cervical cap. 

  • Allergic irritation
  • Smelly vaginal discharge
  • Toxic shock syndrome
  • Vaginal irritation 
  • Vomiting 
  • Dizziness
  • Vaginal infection

How To Use Cervical Cap

Well, one should know the right way of inserting a cervical cap. Although inserting a cervical cap is quite easy but the improper insertion can make things go wrong. So below are the steps about how to use a cervical cap properly. 

  • Know the position of your cervix before inserting the cervical cap. To know the position of the cervix inserts a finger deep into the vagina, the cervix may feel like the nose tip.
  • Now fill the cervix cap with ¼ tablespoon of the spermicide. Spread a thin layer of spermicide on the rim of the cervical cap. And spread ½ tablespoon of spermicide between the rim and dome of the cervical cap. 
  • Insert the cervical cap inside your vagina. Stand in a squat position or take the help of the chair. Spread your vagina with one hand and squeeze the cervical cap with another hand between your thumb and index finger. And gently push the cervical cap inside the vagina against the vagina walls.     
  • Keep checking the cervical cap’s position from time to time. 
  • Leave the cervical cap for the next six hours after having the sex. 
  • Now remove the cap after six-hour or you can keep it for 24 hours. To remove the cervical cap, sit in the squat position and rotate the cap. Now push the dome of the cervical cap to break the seal of the cap. And gently remove the cap without hurting the vagina. 
  • Once you removed the cap just wash it with warm water and soap and leave it to dry. Once it gets dried you can put the cap back in the provided container.    

Cervical Cap Advantages And Disadvantages

Now let’s deal with the advantages and disadvantages of the cervical cap. Below are some of the advantages and disadvantages of the cervical cap. 

Easy to useDo not help in dealing with sexually transmitted infections
Helps you in dealing with unwanted pregnancies for 24 hoursMay give you irritation 
Can be used again and again

Diaphragm Birth Control Device

Diaphragm Birth Control Devices

The very last device on the list of birth control devices is the diaphragm. The diaphragm is also known as the cap. It’s working in the same way as the cervical cap and the sponge. It is like a circular dome that is made up of silicon. The dome needs to be inserted into the vagina in the same way as the cervical cap and sponge. 

It covers the cervix so that the sperm could not enter it. And as there is no sperm to enter the eggs, there will be no fertilization. And hence the desired result gets achieved. You need to insert the diaphragm inside the vagina before having sex.           

Diaphragm Birth Control Side Effects

So here are the side effects of the diaphragm birth control devices that one should be aware of. All these side effects are common and one doesn’t need to worry a lot about it as the side effects go away in few days or a few weeks in some cases. So below are some of the side effects of the diaphragm birth control device. 

  • Burning during urination 
  • Irritation
  • Discomfort
  • Unusual vaginal discharge
  • fever

How To Use Diaphragm  

Well, the diaphragm can be inserted in the same ways as that of the sponge and the cervical cap. You need to sit in a squat position spreading your legs. Or you can take the help of a chair. Below are the steps that one needs to follow to insert the diaphragm properly. 

  • The very first step is to clean your hand and put the spermicide on the upper side of the diaphragm. 
  • Hold the diaphragm by the index finger pressing the top part of the diaphragm and squeeze it a little. 
  • Now slowly slide the diaphragm inside the vagina and push against the vagina walls so that it covers the cervix. 
  • If the cervix is not covered remove the diaphragm and insert it again. 
  • Leave the diaphragm for the next six hours after sex. 

Well, that all about the steps of inserting a diaphragm. The diaphragm can be left for 30 hours. 

Contraceptive Diaphragm Advantages And Disadvantages.      

So here are some of the advantages and disadvantages of the diaphragm. 

Use only when neededNot helpful in dealing with sexually transmitted infections 
No serious side effects and risks 
Control your contraception


So that’s all about the birth control devices. We explained some of the widely used birth control devices. Also, we discussed the side effects and the process of how to use these devices. In all these devices the condoms can be the best device so far to use. The condom not only helps with birth control but also helps in dealing with sexually transmitted infections or diseases.

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